Use this table to help you decide whether the Certified Optical Network Associate (CONA) course or Certified Optical Network Engineer (CONE) course is the right one for you. It will depend on your job role and previous experience and on what type of network or applications you are working on.
Networks, roles and pre-requisites
|Types of networks||Metro, Mobile backhaul (FTTA), 5G, dark fibre links, DCI, core links||Core networks, ultra long haul, undersea, terrestrial backhaul, Mobile backhaul, DCI|
|Types of job roles||Planner, project manager, operations, network manager||Network architect, Network designer, Optical Network Engineer|
|Pre-requisites||none as this is a foundation level course||CONA and some experience of optical systems|
You can use this table if you want to check which technologies are covered on which course.
|Data rates||Up to 25Gb/s||40G, 100G, 200G, 400G, 800G|
|Multiplexing||ITU-T fixed grid 50 & 100GHz DWDM, CWDM||ITU-T G.694.1 Flexgrid, Superchannel, polarisation multiplexing|
|Modulation formats||OOK, NRZ, RZ||QPSK, DQPSK, DP-QPSK, DP-16QAM, DP-64QAM|
|Detection||Direct detection||Coherent & differential phase detection|
|Infrastructure & components||Fibres, cables, connectors, splicing, ODFs, ILM, OTDR, fibre characterisation, transceivers||Pluggable modules, Amplifiers, ROADMs, Dynamic modules|
|System performance & management||BER, OSNR||BER, Q-factor, EVM & constellation diagrams, OSNR, in-band OSNR, FEC and DSP diagnostics|
|Optical power management||Power budgets, loss budgets, EDFAs||Power penalties, FEC, Raman amplifiers, non-linear effects|
|Dispersion management||Optical dispersion compensation, DCMs, DSCM, FBG-DCM||Electronic dispersion compensation|
|PMD||Limits and basic calculations||EDC & dynamics of polarisation effects|
|Topology||Point to point, optical add & drop||Mesh all optical, ROADMs, NG-CDC-ROADMs|